Welcome To Myanmar
Myanmar is a small and beautiful country in Southeast Asia. Even though it is small, Myanmar has abundant natural resources both above and underground. The beauty of Myanmar is highlighted by naturally-given extraordinary wonderful forests, rivers, unchanging original environment and polite and friendly way of life of the people.Myanmar shares borders with India, Bangladesh, China (Yunnan), Laos and Thailand. It has an area of 676,577 square kilometers with a comfortable weather situation. Even though it is impossible to recognize certain specific points as tourist destinations, about 99% of the country is enjoyable by foreign friends.
Myanmar can roughly be divided into three parts – northern, middle and southern. There is a 5,881-metre-high snow mountain in the northern part and it is the best place for natural tourist businesses. Some rare racial groups can also be seen around the snow mountain. The middle part has a dry season and also has centuries-old historical structures, such as pagodas and innumerable palaces. The southern part of Myanmar is the place where rice and other edible crops are being produced every year. The life of simple and lovely farmers can be seen in this region. It is dead sure that all tourists and guests can never forget the friendliness and lovely smiles of the Myanmar people.
Myanmar is situated on the western-most part of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia between Indian and Pacific oceans: from North Latitude 9.30 to 28.30 degrees and from East Longitude 92 to 101 degrees 11 minutes. The Tropic of Cancer is closely stretching with the northern Myanmar towns of Tiddim, Kyunhla and Theinni. Myanmar is the second largest country after Indonesia on the Southeast Asian Peninsula.
Myanmar is not a landlocked country. It has a way-out to the sea from its southern part. Its three other parts have common borders with its neighboring countries – 1,384-mile-long boundary with China in the north and northeast, 146 miles in the east with Laos, 1,304 miles in the southeast with Thailand, 169 miles in the west with Bangladesh and 903 miles in the northwest with India. Therefore, the total length of land boundary with neighboring countries is 3,906 miles. As for the length of coastline boundary, Rakhaing coastline has 443 miles, the Ayeyarwaddy delta coastline 272 miles and Mon-Taneintharyi coastline 670 miles – totaling 1,385 miles.
Historically, Burmese art was based on Buddhist or Hindu cosmology and myths. There are several regional styles of Buddha images, each with certain distinctive characteristics. For example, the Mandalay style, which developed in the late 1800s, consists of an oval-shaped Buddha with realistic features, including naturally curved eyebrows, smaller but still prominent ears, and a draping robe. There are 10 traditional arts, called pan sèmyo,listed as follows:
- Blacksmith (ba-bè)
- Woodcarving (ba-bu)
- Goldsmith (ba-dein)
- Stucco relief (pandaw)
- Masonry (pa-yan)
- Stone carving (pantamaw)
- Turnery (panbut)
- Painting (bagyi)
- Lacquerware (panyun)
- Bronze casting (badin)
In addition to the traditional arts are silk weaving, pottery, tapestry making, gemstone engraving, and gold leaf making. Temple architecture is typically of brick and stucco, and pagodas are often covered with layers of gold leaf while monasteries tend to be built of wood (although monasteries in cities are more likely to be built of modern materials). A very common roofing style in Burmese architecture is called ‘pyatthat’ which is a multi-tiered and spired roof.
The width from east to west is approximately 600 miles (936 kilometers) and north-south approximately 1,300 miles (2,051 km). Therefore, the total area is approximately 261,228 square miles (676,577 square km). Water territory from the basic line is 12 miles, the connected zone from the basic line is 24 miles and 200 meters in the shallow waters. Separate economic zone is 2,000 knots.
The size of Myanmar is two times bigger than Germany (Europe) or Vietnam (Asia).
Geographical Features of Land
There are mountainous regions in the east, mountain ranges in the west and flat lands in the middle of the country. Various mountain ranges, high and low, are stretching from north to south. Big rivers are flowing down from north to south between these mountain ranges.
Best-known rivers in Myanmar are Ayeyarwaddy, about 2,092 kilometers long, Chindwin, about 1,000 kilometers, Sittaung, 560 kilometers, and Thanlwin, flowing within Myanmar, about1,100 kilometers, respectively.
The highest mountain of Myanmar is called Khakaborazi, which is situated in Kachin State in northern Myanmar, is about 5,881 meters (over 20,000 feet) high.
There are three seasons in Myanmar, namely: summer, winter and rainy. Summer is from March to June and has the maximum temperature up to 45 degrees Centigrade (113 degrees F). Rainy Season is from July to October and the yearly rainfall will be more than 200 inches in some places where rains fall more heavily. Winter is from November to February (cool and dry season). Temperature is between 21 and 28 Centigrade (70-82 degrees F).
The majority of Myanmar population is Buddhists. There are also Christians, Muslims, Hindus and Animists.
The official language is Myanmar (office use). English and other ethnic dialects are also widely used in different regions throughout the country.